This course is a systematic training in the meditation of special insight following the approach of the Abhidharma tradition. Students learn the skills to gain certainty in the view of selflessness through the practice of the Four Applications of Mindfulness, cultivating inferential wisdom and bringing it to personal experience.

Prerequisite: BUD 501

Required texts: None

This course is an introductory exposition of topics drawn from the Pramāna tradition, based on the Classifications of Mind root text. Students explore the criteria for the validity of cognition, the fourfold classification of direct valid cognition, seeming direct cognition and non-valid cognition.

Prerequisites: None

Required texts:

    • Root text: Classifications of Mind (Lorik), by Khenpo Tsultrim Gyamtso Rinpoche, Nitartha Institute Publications 
    • Mind & Its World 1 Sourcebook, Nitartha Institute Publications 

This course is an introductory exposition of knowable objects drawn from the Abhidhama tradition, based on Collected Topics root text. Students learn methods for thinking clearly by formulating definitions, examples, equivalents and classifications, and by exploring the four types of logical relationships between two phenomena.

Prerequisites: None

Required texts:

    • Root text: Collected Topics (Düdra), by Acharya Lama Tenpa Gyaltsen, Nitartha Institute Publications 

    • Clear Thinking Workbook, Nitartha Institute Publications 

This course completes the introductory exposition of topics drawn from the Pramāna and Abhidhama traditions, based on the Classifications of Mind and Collected Topics root text. It provides students with the tools for delineating conceptual and non-conceptual mind in meditation, known as the essential modes of engagement of mind. This is followed by the exposition of Buddhist psychology — classification of consciousness into primary minds and mental events.

Prerequisite: BUD 501

Required texts:

    • Root text: Classifications of Mind, (Lorik), by Khenpo Tsultrim Gyamtso Rinpoche, Nitartha Institute Publications 
    • Root text: Collected Topics (Düdra), by Acharya Lama Tenpa Gyaltsen, Nitartha Institute Publications 
    • Mind & Its World 2 Sourcebook, Nitartha Institute Publications 

This course is an exposition of the Vaibhāśika philosophical tradition, based on the The Gateway that Reveals the Philosophical Traditions to Fresh Minds root text. Students explore foundational classifications of knowable objects: the five bases, five aggregates, twelve sources and eighteen constituents, followed by the presentation of the Vaibhāśika theory of causation from Collected Topics and the twelve links of dependent origination.

Prerequisite: BUD 501

Required texts:

    • Root text: The Gateway that Reveals the Philosophical Traditions to Fresh Minds (Truptha), by Dzogchen Ponlop Rinpoche, Acharya Lama Tenpa Gyaltsen and Acharya Kelsang Wangdi, Nitartha Institute Publications
    • Root text: Collected Topics (Düdra), by Acharya Lama Tenpa Gyaltsen, Nitartha Institute Publications 
    • Mind & Its World 3 Sourcebook, Nitartha Institute Publications 

This course is an exposition of the Sautrāntika philosophical tradition, followed by the presentation of the path and result of foundational Buddhism, based on The Gateway that Reveals the Philosophical Traditions to Fresh Minds root text. Students explore classifications of knowable object into specifically and generally characterized phenomena as well as the Sautrāntika’s distinct presentation of the five aggregates. The path consists of calm abiding and superior insight.

Prerequisites: BUD 501

Required texts:

    • Root text: The Gateway that Reveals the Philosophical Traditions to Fresh Minds (Truptha), by Dzogchen Ponlop Rinpoche, Acharya Lama Tenpa Gyaltsen and Acharya Kelsang Wangdi, Nitartha Institute Publications 
    • Mind & Its World 4 Sourcebook, Nitartha Institute Publications 

This course presents an overview of the theory of Buddhist logic that underlies the practice of Buddhist debate, based on The Presentation of the Classifications of Reasons root text. Students study definitions and classifications of correct and seeming reasons and formulate example reasonings for each of their types. The course concludes with the exposition of genuine reality that transcends negations and proofs.

Prerequisites: BUD 501, BUD 502

Required texts:

  • Root Text: The Presentation of the Classifications of Reasons (Tarik), by Khenpo Tsultrim Gyamtso Rinpoche, Nitartha Institute Publications
  • Commentary on The Presentation of the Classifications of Reasons, by Acharya Sherab Gyaltsen, Nitartha Institute Publications

This course offers a methodical training in elementary debate skills on the basis of the Clear Thinking course. Students train in formulating reasonings with correct and seeming reasons and utilize them in debate by learning how to challenge the first mode. The debate content consists of the classification of objects in terms of entity from Collected Topics.

Prerequisites: BUD 502

Required texts: None

This course continues the methodical training in elementary debate skills on the basis of the Collected Topics Debate I course. Students learn how to challenge the second mode, study the debate strategies of the challenger and the defender and how to bring a debate to completion. The debate content consists of the classification of objects in terms of entity and the classification of mind into primary minds and mental events.

Prerequisite: BUD 553

Required texts: None

This course trains in enhancing debate skills on the basis of the skills acquired in the Collected Topics Debate I and II courses. This includes bringing absurd consequences into debate as a technique and mastering the shorter form of formulating reasoning and modes challenge. The debate content consists of classification of objects in terms of entity, the methods that lead to cognition of objects, classification of things in terms of function and classification of objects the way they are taken as objects.

Prerequisite: BUD 554

Required texts: None