This course explores the criteria of a valid cognition and its various classifications, based on the teachings of the Pramāna and Abhidharma traditions, using the Classifications of Mind and Collected Topics root texts. We will analyze our consciousness and determine to what degree it is in agreement with its observed object or not; when our is direct or not; what is the difference between non-mistaken, non-deceiving, conceptual and non-conceptual types of awareness.  We will also study the objects of perceiving subjects.

Prerequisite: None

Required texts:  

  • Root text: Classifications of Mind (Lorik), by Khenpo Tsultrim Gyamtso Rinpoche, Nitartha Institute Publications 

  • Mind & Its World 1 Sourcebook, Nitartha Institute Publications, 2019 edition 

  • Root text: Collected Topics (Düdra), by Acharya Lama Tenpa Gyaltsen, Nitartha Institute Publications  (excerpts will be provided on-line)

  • Clear Thinking Sourcebook, Nitartha Institute Publications, 2009 Edition (excerpts will be provided on-line)